Monday, April 14, 2014

Goddesses in the Dust: Aphrodite, the Mother of Fear and Terror

An archaeologist unearths the divine feminine, one archetype at a time...

When you think of Aphrodite, the goddess of love, the images of fear and terror aren't the first to come to mind. But that is what the sons of Aphrodite are named.

Fear and Terror the sons of Love? How can that be?

Well for one, the father is Ares, the god of war.

Aphrodite was married to the lame smith god, Hephaestus, when she had an affair with Ares. She gave birth to the twin gods Phobos (Fear) and Deimos (Terror) who accompanied Ares into battle and spread fear, terror, dread and trembling in their wake. The two brothers were worshipped especially in Sparta, known for developing young boys into warriors from birth.

Some believe Ares was originally a death god, but the ancient Greek underworld became so filled with the bodies of the deceased that it required a full time guardian, to which Hades was appointed. Ares became the full time god of war.

Phobos is the root of our modern word phobia, obviously. He was often represented with a lion's head.
Phobos, Greco-Roman mosaic from Halicarnassus, 4th c. A.D., British Museum
Deimos is a little more complicated. 
Monument to the Greek general Leonidas at the Battle of Thermopylae, with a representation of Deimos on his shield
Most people translate it to demon, but a Deimon or Daimon is actually something different. All forms of this word derive from the Greek δαίμων, which refers to a spirit that operated as a link between the human and divine realms. During the Christian era this word came to mean a 'pagan god' or unclean spirit, and in the Bible it was later transformed and defined as a devil. A daimon is actually a guiding spirit. 

It's important to be careful with words that represent concepts such as these. The Christian period tended to demonize anything that had to do with the pagan world, as it feared that world. If we fear anything we don't understand, we run the risk of portraying it as wicked and threatening. 

I can't help but wonder about the psychological implications the ancient Greeks had in mind when they named Love the Mother of Fear and Terror. I'm sure Sigmund Freud would have a field day with that one.


It has often been said that love is the opposite of fear.  Perhaps an even more accurate explanation is that love is the source of all things, and God/Goddess, in his and her love for humankind, gave us the freedom to experience anything we wanted. With freedom of choice all is allowed, and we are permitted to experience all the rich emotions available to us, because ultimately they are a path to learning about our selves.

7 comments:

  1. I love that Amanda. I know so little Greek mythology that this post is so interesting to me. I'm starting to read about Tao/Taoism and find it very interesting too. I don't know enough about it to post about it yet though.

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  2. I like to think that fear and terror are the sons of war and not of love.

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  3. I would say that love bears fear about the loved one. One can't exist probably without the other

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    1. Fascinating perception: Love bears fear about the loved one. That primal, protective urge at work.

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  4. I learn so much from you!

    Oh the affairs of the gods--this is an example of poorly planned offspring
    :-)

    Do you believe these gods existed, Amanda? I've been listening just now to a ted program on belief, and it's a complicated subject

    Love
    kj

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    1. I believe these gods existed in the minds of the ancient Greeks because that is how they made sense of the world around them. There is a saying I once read somewhere about our ancestors (can't remember if it was Joseph Campbell or Don MIguel Ruiz): when the last man stops believing in the gods, they will cease to exist.

      Belief is a complicated subject. I love Ted talks and would love to see that one.

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  5. I always love learning about different Goddesses through you and your blog :) x

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